Touching Up Cheap Furniture
If you’re really looking to furnish a new place on a budget, why not look at touching up cheap furniture to make it unique and stand out from the usual?
Probably the most common way of sprucing up any kind of cheap furniture is to get into the art of decoupage. This allows you to take images that you like and varnish them onto any piece of furniture you have. Admittedly, this is very popular amongst the older generation, but decoupaging your ratty, old furniture is, like knitting, becoming more and more popular amongst the younger generation. cheap furniture uk
The chances are that you already have everything you need to decoupage your cheap furniture. A tin of varnish or decoupage glue, a few magazines (the cheaper the paper the better) and a pair of scissors is all you really need to get going. If you want to take it to the next level, stencils and gold or silver leaf can be added for extra class. Even more pedestrian paper goods like newspaper or the phone book can be used in decoupage.
Another way to create a unique look from your cheap furniture is to whittle. This technique is often used badly in distressed housing beams. Done well, this is something akin to tattooing your furniture. Create a design, and stencil it onto a table or other piece of budget furniture then use some kind of drilling tool, such as a multitool or small drill to create a relief of the pattern. This will only work with solid wood, and not with veneered products.
Finally, getting into upholstery is a great way to spruce up cheap furniture. Once you learn the relatively simple art of replacing covers, you can buy material at a fraction of the price of buying a new sofa and replace it as regularly as you like. Failing that most dry cleaners will have lists of local upholsterers that you can get quotes from.
CPAP Pillow For Sleep Apnea
A CPAP pillow is designed to help the person with sleep apnea maintain a proper position as an aide to sleeping. Using proper position will help to increase the rate of effectiveness of the ventilation system being used. There are different designs to a these pillows they can be made with cut out portions or with contours or they can be on four padded legs. These CPAP pillows can be used no matter what position the person sleep in. Buying a CPAP without Prescription
A CPAP pillow is also used to help with the placement of CPAP tubes and masks while person is asleep and will help with possible skin breakdown from leaning on the tubing. This pillow will not only be helping with the correct positioning of the airway but it will also serve as an assisted device in the position of the spine and the neck.
The pillow will help with keeping the persons body in the best position for breathing to be more effective. The most common use for a CPAP pillow is to act as an additional measure to a CPAP machine. to help the machine work in the most efficient manner. This pillow will be made with a hypoallergenic filling in order to reduce the possibility of dust and dander to the person with breathing problems.
It is best to check the label before buying a CPAP pillow so you will have the information on how to maintain it.
The letter CPAP stand for continuous positive airway pressure. People who have sleep apnea will stop breathing while sleeping. Sometimes for just a few seconds and sometimes for long minutes at a time. This can be a serious condition as the lungs are not getting enough oxygen.
These Pillows can be made with different amounts of stuffing so it would be important to look at one and handle it before buying to make sure it was going to suit the needs of the person who is suffering from sleep apnea. Everyone has different tastes when it comes to pillows. Some people enjoy a firmer pillow while others need a soft stuffed pillow to get a good nights sleep. Your best bet is to test the Pillow before hand, or as this is not always an option make sure you read up some reviews on the particular CPAP Pillow that you are interested in.
Getting Casino Bonus Codes to Enhance Casino-Playing Experience
Obtaining casino bonus codes is a must for every player who wants to maximize the playing experience that he wants to get. Casino bonuses are ways for players to get free money or free stuff from an online casino. Those free offers can very well make them stay in the online casino longer. For instance, free money at the beginning (referred to as the welcome bonus) gives money to new players for them to explore the site as well as gives them an additional cushion to their bankroll so that they don’t have to worry much about busting out. Casino bonuses make players feel that they are in control of their online casino destiny; they feel that they can derive more enjoyment if at the beginning they look for casino bonuses that lurk around in the Internet.
Online casinos are only too willing to give bonuses to these players. Just as the players want to play more and have more fun, these casinos need more clients so that they can earn profits. Therefore casinos regard bonuses as essential; new players are always for the lookout for bonuses, and online casinos should cater to the new players, because these players will be the ones who will continue playing for many more years if they enjoy. No wonder codes for these casino bonuses have spread out all over the Internet. Experienced casino players who have played at multiple casino websites already can’t count the number of bonuses that have come their way while they are actively playing. They, of course, will also explain, if you ask them, how these bonuses have given them more security and more thrill in their game play.
Casino bonus codes abound in the Internet. Just enter these on a Google search and you’ll get hundreds of results. What we are concerned about right now is how to get the right codes that will work for you. Here are some tips for you to accomplish that: royal online
1. Look carefully at the website where you will play. These websites often contain a welcome bonus for new players who want to gain some more money after the first deposit. Don’t just sign up without checking out all the bonuses that you can get; you might be missing out plenty of freebies. Usually, when you sign up, you enter a casino bonus code corresponding to the bonus that you should receive. Keep the bonus code in mind; if you don’t enter the bonus (or you enter the incorrect code), you’ll lose out the chance for the bonus.
2. Browse websites for bonuses found in the casino site where you will play. Bonuses are everywhere because casinos want to get as many players as possible playing in their site, so they advertise their bonuses on other websites. Search dedicatedly for bonuses before beginning to play at a specific casino site. Now, there are many bonuses that serve many purposes, but you can’t avail of all the bonuses for any given casino website at one time, so you have to deliberately choose the bonus or bonuses that you will avail.
3. Become a member of casino strategy websites. These websites offer bonuses only to their members. It is relatively easy to sign up to become a member of such sites, so better join. Not only will you receive bonuses; you will receive plenty of tips which will enable you to become a good casino player. Sometimes you can get free newsletters or free E-books once you sign up to be a member of these websites. You can also gain access to exclusive events, like tournaments.
4. You can also search for a specific type of bonus in the Internet. The welcome bonus (or the match bonus) can be found in almost all casino websites. For other bonuses, you might have to search. If you want a bonus that you can receive if you are an experienced player already, then you can go for a casino site that has a reload bonus. If you want to play at the real money tables without depositing anything at all, look for the no deposit bonuses. While doing all these – be sure to list down all the correct codes that you will enter when prompted.
5. Read reviews of different casino sites. Almost all casino sites have bonuses, but some casino sites have better bonuses than others. It is important to know the differences between the quality of bonuses received from each casino site. That way, you’ll go beyond the advertisements of the bonuses and you’ll look for the actual player experiences derived from these bonuses.
Local Job Search Tips – How To Find Employment Through A Local Job Search
A local job search could be a fantastic way to find a job in your own local area. However, with unemployment rates on the rise, local job searches for many can prove very frustrating, difficult and overwhelming.
Local job searches can present various benefits to a person. You can save loads of money that you will otherwise spend to pay the rent or food when staying away from home. Plus, you’ll get loads of time to spend with your family.
However, many people are forced to work in a faraway place or even abroad because of their inability to find careers in their local job search. jobs in london
If you wish to be successful in landing a job in your local area, it will be wise to follow these local job search tips that we provide.
• Use Your Network:
The advantage of searching for jobs in your own area is the fact that you know people from around your local area. Since you will be searching for jobs in your area and possibly the hometown you grew up in, it will be easier to build a network. Make sure to use your network to find a job. Contact old friends and former classmates, as well as the professionals that you know and also your professors. A good recommendation from a friend is better than any well written cover letter. Make sure to ask them for any job opening. You may also ask them to pass along your resume for you.
• Make Use of Online Local Job Search Websites:
The internet surely makes our lives a lot easier and faster. Take advantage of the online local job search listings and create and account. Choose only a very reputable job searching website. Edit your profile and your email notification to receive job announcements from your own local area only. Make sure to also be specific on the Category (example HEALTH), and job position you are looking for (example MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIST). Online job search websites are easy and convenient way of sending applications make use of it.
• Use Yellow Pages to Call Companies:
With the use of your yellow pages, you may try to call random businesses and companies in your area to ask if there are any job openings. Be courteous and respectful. A receptionist or a secretary would probably receive your call so kindly ask for the number of the HR. If there is no job opening in the company that you called, make sure to ask for the HR’s email address to send your email and your cover letter and resume. Send your resume and you cover letters in separate files but in the same email.
A Guide to Investments in Indian Real Estate
Real estate has traditionally been an avenue for considerable investment per se and investment opportunity for High Net-worth Individuals, Financial institutions as well as individuals looking at viable alternatives for investing money among stocks, bullion, property and other avenues.
Money invested in property for its income and capital growth provides stable and predictable income returns, similar to that of bonds offering both a regular return on investment, if property is rented as well as possibility of capital appreciation. Like all other investment options, real estate investment also has certain risks attached to it, which is quite different from other investments. The available investment opportunities can broadly be categorized into residential, commercial office space and retail sectors.
Investment scenario in real estate
Any investor before considering real estate investments should consider the risk involved in it. This investment option demands a high entry price, suffers from lack of liquidity and an uncertain gestation period. To being illiquid, one cannot sell some units of his property (as one could have done by selling some units of equities, debts or even mutual funds) in case of urgent need of funds.
The maturity period of property investment is uncertain. Investor also has to check the clear property title, especially for the investments in India. The industry experts in this regard claim that property investment should be done by persons who have deeper pockets and longer-term view of their investments. From a long-term financial returns perspective, it is advisable to invest in higher-grade commercial properties.
The returns from property market are comparable to that of certain equities and index funds in longer term. Any investor looking for balancing his portfolio can now look at the real estate sector as a secure means of investment with a certain degree of volatility and risk. A right tenant, location, segmental categories of the Indian property market and individual risk preferences will hence forth prove to be key indicators in achieving the target yields from investments.
The proposed introduction of REMF (Real Estate Mutual Funds) and REIT (Real Estate Investment Trust) will boost these real estate investments from the small investors’ point of view. This will also allow small investors to enter the real estate market with contribution as less as INR 10,000.
There is also a demand and need from different market players of the property segment to gradually relax certain norms for FDI in this sector. These foreign investments would then mean higher standards of quality infrastructure and hence would change the entire market scenario in terms of competition and professionalism of market players.
Overall, real estate is expected to offer a good investment alternative to stocks and bonds over the coming years. This attractiveness of real estate investment would be further enhanced on account of favourable inflation and low interest rate regime.
Looking forward, it is possible that with the progress towards the possible opening up of the real estate mutual funds industry and the participation of financial institutions into property investment business, it will pave the way for more organized investment real estate in India, which would be an apt way for investors to get an alternative to invest in property portfolios at marginal level.
The two most active investor segments are High Net Worth Individuals (HNIs) and Financial Institutions. While the institutions traditionally show a preference to commercial investment, the high net worth individuals show interest in investing in residential as well as commercial properties.
Apart from these, is the third category of Non-Resident Indians (NRIs). There is a clear bias towards investing in residential properties than commercial properties by the NRIs, the fact could be reasoned as emotional attachment and future security sought by the NRIs. As the necessary formalities and documentation for purchasing immovable properties other than agricultural and plantation properties are quite simple and the rental income is freely repatriable outside India, NRIs have increased their role as investors in real estate
Foreign direct investments (FDIs) in Markham real estate form a small portion of the total investments as there are restrictions such as a minimum lock in period of three years, a minimum size of property to be developed and conditional exit. Besides the conditions, the foreign investor will have to deal with a number of government departments and interpret many complex laws/bylaws.
The concept of Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) is on the verge of introduction in India. But like most other novel financial instruments, there are going to be problems for this new concept to be accepted.
Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) would be structured as a company dedicated to owning and, in most cases, operating income-producing real estate, such as apartments, shopping centres, offices and warehouses. A REIT is a company that buys, develops, manages and sells real estate assets and allows participants to invest in a professionally managed portfolio of properties.
Some REITs also are engaged in financing real estate. REITs are pass-through entities or companies that are able to distribute the majority of income cash flows to investors, without taxation, at the corporate level. The main purpose of REITs is to pass the profits to the investors in as intact manner as possible. Hence initially, the REIT’s business activities would generally be restricted to generation of property rental income.
The role of the investor is instrumental in scenarios where the interest of the seller and the buyer do not match. For example, if the seller is keen to sell the property and the identified occupier intends to lease the property, between them, the deal will never be fructified; however, an investor can have competitive yields by buying the property and leasing it out to the occupier.
Perfumes – Some of the Best Perfumes in the World
This is a list of some of the best perfumes that I have come across, these are all natural perfumes and are considereded to be some of the best perfumes available from my own personal experience, I have listed 20 Perfumes in this list, here is the list of perfumes that I have tried..
1. Majmua –
Majmua is one of The Best Perfume Oils ever created, in the world of Natural Perfumes Oils. Majmua is an exquisite blend or gathering of Woody, Floral, Musky Perfumes. The deep and soothing Scent of Majmua has been described by many as having a calming effect. Majmua is one of the most popular perfumes in India, just like Patchouli. It is a deep relaxing Perfume Scent that can be used for Aromatherapy and Therapeutic meditation purposes. Majmua was created by Mr.Ismail Mohammadali Attarwala, a master perfumer, who spent nearly 18 years perfecting his creation. The fragrance is enjoyed by millions of people in India, and around the world. The word itself has become so popular that sometimes any Attar or Indian Perfume is referred to as Majmua.
2. Jannatul Firdous –
Jannatul Firdous is a classic indian fragrance next to Majmua. It is made from various aromatic compounds it features a citrus top note to create a refreshing and clean Floral Scent Perfume. Literally translated it means garden of paradise. Jannatul Firdous is truly a work of art and is enjoyed by millions, throughout the middle east and in the western world as well. This particular fragrance is one of the best I have ever come across myself and after trying this, it will be very difficult to stay away from, one drop goes a long way.
3. Superior Egyptian Musk –
Superior Egyptian Musk is truly a one of a kind perfume oil. A rich Musk Oil with precious wood blends and floral top note. This is a another type of Egyptian musk, very light and far more superior than the normal, this is truly a work of art and one of the best fragrances I have ever come across. Superior Egyptian Musk may be one of the best all Natural Perfumes ever created, after trying this Perfume Oil you will be amazed at the kind of attention you will get with this perfume oil, one drop goes a long way.
4. Bakhoor –
Bakhoor is a Sweet Floral Rose Scented Perfume Attar. It is a rich unique enchanting musk blend. A rich and strong Perfume Scented Oil. Bakhoor is a wonderful compensation, it is a soft, sensual, Flower Scent that will get much attention, this is a one of a kind attar fragrance. It is a dark red color and a very strong scent as well, it is well known in India and in the Middle East.
5. Rose Amber –
Rose Amber is a Sweet Floral Rose Perfume Scent and one of the best perfumes ever created. Rose Amber is an Indian Classic Perfume, that has a woody smokey aroma, with a fresh Floral Rose Scent blend. This particular attar fragrance is very popular in India and the middle east, it is a one of a kind fragrance that is brownish color, it has characteristics similar to that of Frankincense and Myrrh and Bint El Madina, this is truly a one of a kind nice attar fragrance that will get much attention. Truly a work of art
6. Bint El Madina –
Bint El Madina is a rich woody musky note. This is one of the best Perfume Oils I have ever come across, truly a work of art, enjoyed by millions of people throughout the middle east and specifically in India. Bint El Madina is made very similar to Rose Amber and Patchouli it is a dark brown in color with a rich fragrance smell that will get a lot of attention from those around you, one drop goes a long way. parfumuri arabesti
7. Habshoosh Musk –
Habshoosh Musk is a powerful woody, soothing and musky fragrance, it is made very similar to the way Patchouli is made. It has a lot of the same ingredients, just different in color. This is a classic indian scent, that will leave you wondering and wanting more, truly a work of art. Habshoosh Musk is also very therapeutic and can be used in a variety of ways, just as Essential Oils and Aromatherapy Oil as well.
8. Jannatul Firdous C –
Jannatul Firdous C is a very popular Indian Perfume, next to Majmua fragrance. Jannatul Firdous C is far more superior than the regular kind, it is much more stronger and spicier and more suitable for a man than a woman, a fruity compensation, one drop of this goes a long way.This is also one of the best indian fragrances, I have ever come across, it is dark green and very strong, mind you. One drop of this perfume goes a very long way, a real compliment getter.
9. Jannatul Mawa –
Jannatul Mawa is a powerful sweet, exotic, woody, spicy and floral mixture perfume blend. In Arabic Jannatul means Paradise or Heaven and Mawa is one of the stages of Heaven. It is also sometimes called fancy bouquet. It is a dark, strong, fragrance with some of the same characteristics of Red Musk, Jannatul Naeem and Black Musk. This Attar fragrance is somewhat kind of strong, one drop goes a long way.
10. Jewel of the Nile –
Jewel of the Nile is a sweet, fresh, Floral Rose Scent. Similar to other fragrances such as black rose, lavender, magnolia and others. Jewel of the Nile is a strong fragrance that easily captures a lot of attention it is a unique fragrance that is similar also to a lot of western fragrances, but the only difference is that it is all natural, one drop goes a long way, truly a work of art.
Custom Die Cast Award Medals
So you need custom die cast medals for your next sporting or academic event? There are a number of factors to consider to make sure you receive a great looking award medal at a great price. Consider the following when shopping for customized die cast award medals.
Custom die cast medals can vary in quality depending on the manufacturer. When considering a die cast medal’s quality, here are some important questions:
1. Will the thickness of the medallion equal what was promised, or will the manufacturer decrease the thickness to save on costs? Will the medal feel “substantial” and have considerable weight relative to its size?
2. Are the letters and images going to be clear, crisp and detailed? (Less Clarity can result from a rubber “spin cast” mold)
3. Will the buffing and plating be consistent across all medals?
4. On antique finishes, will the medallion’s edges be buffed, or will the manufacturer cut corners by leaving all the edges blackened.
5. Will the ribbons/neckbands be attached with clips and jump rings that match the medal’s plating? (For example, polished gold jump rings used on antique gold medals is unacceptable.)
6. Will each medal be poly-bagged and packaged properly?
Next, you will want to evaluate the medals manufacturing process. Custom medallions are typically liquid cast in a steel mold or die. You will typically incur a die charge. Medallions cast in steel molds/dies show amazing detail and quality. Beware of companies that use a disposable rubber mold (spin cast) which decreases mold/die charges and overall costs but produces a less detailed medallion. Rubber molds can be a very cost-effective alternative for simple medals and quick deadlines, however if your medals have detailed imagery and art, a steel die is the best. Always ask if the manufacture will keep the die for future use, and if you will incur a die charge for future re-orders. Medals
The finish of your medal is another factor to consider. The finish and color of your medals depends on the plating. Most medals are available in antique gold, silver and bronze. Antique finishes are the most popular. A typical antique finish is where raised areas of your medal show a more bright or shiny appearance, and the lower relief areas are more blackened. You can also have your medals plated in bright gold, silver and bronze where there is no “antique” effect and the finish appears bright and shiny overall. Typically, bright finishes cost a little more.
Including color in your custom die cast medals can really add to their appearance. Medals can be color filled with enamel, but there is an additional charge. This extra charge is usually well worth it, especially if you have a logo or insignia where you want to maintain branding. You will be surprised how little color adds to the overall cost of your medal . Championship Rings
You have more than likely heard of 2D versus 3D custom cast award medals. Two dimensional custom medals maintain 2 or more flat plains or levels. Most often, a 2D medal has a low recessed level and a raised higher flat level (raised text). Three D or 3 Dimensional medals have variations or graduations in levels making images look more realistic. 3D Molds are more expensive to make, but can really add that extra touch to the overall appearance of your custom medal. Pendants
Artwork will need to be provided by you, or created by an outside graphics person, or the manufacturer. Keep in mind that what is black on your medallion artwork is typically raised, and what it white will be recessed. You most likely will be asked to provide digital vector art in any of the following formats: pdf., cdr (Corel Draw),.ai or eps. If you cannot produce your own art, expect to pay from $45-$150 per hour for art creation.
Your custom die cast medals are no good if you don’t receive them on time. Depending on where your medals are coming from, expect to wait from 3-10 weeks. Most American and Foreign die cast manufacturers work through dealers and reps that sell direct to the end user. Overseas artisans continually impress with their attention to detail and quality at unmatched pricing, and North American manufacturers can be great at meeting quick turnaround deadlines and requiring lower minimums. Give yourself plenty of time.
So what makes a medal look good? As you might expect, the final appearance of your medal has much to do with the art. Not to mention, a medal’s beauty really is in the “eye of the beholder.” This aside, a medal with an abundance of raised area tends to enhance its appearance. Medals with a large amount of open recessed areas may look bare and empty. Often, adding a slight texture to the medal’s recessed background area can help the overall appearance.
Know How to Be Successful With Digital Marketing
Digital space is full of data and contents that are target oriented. Creating contents and sharing is now possible easily owing to the digital boom. The content marketing is important for readers to know about many things and thus the jobs for content creators are growing. The digital world or digital marketing has today become a business that is highly profitable for the entrepreneurs. The positive side can be seen of the digital marketing on the way it is put to use and before doing anything, maximize your potential. It is time to breathe through digital channels, get online and consider the following, to get attention.
Reorganize your presence
If you are not getting traffic, set to reorganize your online presence. Ensure you are on all the social media platforms. Check if you did not miss any information on the profiles of Facebook or Instagram. Assess your strategy is strong or does it need some overhauling. goedkoop online drukwerk bestellen
Cleanup the weeds
Check what pops up in the Google. Review auto generated pages and flag impersonators. Use this time also to see your pages performing better and also the bounce rates. Ascertain the pages receive visitors and notice the social channels that are bringing most and least business. Use your efforts and make the non-performing networks to work well. Try to sort out the reason and ensure cleaning up unwanted weeds.
Give a new look
The simplest way of breathing new life is by freshening up the visuals. Of course, you can put new photos of your business in the social media accounts. It will serve the purpose.
Get a fresh tool
After reorganizing and giving a new look to your digital presence, take your marketing up using the right tools online. Invest in right tools and ensure to benefit from automation.
Digital marketing is the reach for most businesses and social sites have done an excellent job by promoting business. Digital marketing is now affordable and integrating it into your business is time-consuming and complex task, but to have an impactful digital marketing operation, you can get started with these steps below:
Having clear objectives helps digital marketing as it reveals a strategy. Outline the goals and determine the direction so that you align purposeful objectives that are realistic, specific and measurable. Identify your audience, comprehend your market and ensure your objectives meet strategy as an informed decision.
Develop Brand Consistency
Consistency is a term that has its own expectations, be it a social media platform or your website and of course this includes the strategy of digital marketing operation as well. Developing brand consistency is a must and use same taglines, colors, fonts, features and images. Ensure consistency so that it shows authority and increases your credibility.
Wood Floor Repair – Why It Pays to Get the Professionals In
Beautiful solid wood flooring can look wonderful, creating a real sense of style and individuality and a modern, contemporary feel within any home. There are many different types of real wood flooring, each with a look that is entirely its own. Aged or distressed flooring, the distinctive lines of parquet flooring, there’s engineered wood flooring and strip floors as well as mosaic panels and end grain wood block floors.
Aged & distressed flooring
Aged wood flooring or distressed flooring presents a stylish, lived in look. It looks, for all the world, as if your flooring has been laid for years and adds a certain authenticity to your home. Aged and distressed flooring is also a very practical choice for both homes and commercial properties because it keeps looking good for longer. The rugged, worn, lived in appearance will not show the scratches and marks caused by everyday usage. They are also a popular choice because they never require sanding unlike other types of wood floors.
Parquet wooden floors are a very popular choice and one of the reasons for this is that a parquet floor can be laid in so many different ways, with so many different patterns. The patterns available are Herringbone, Double Herringbone, Single Basket Weave, Treble Basket Weave and Chevron. You can also opt for parquet panels, parquet borders, parquet motifs and parquet floor medallions.
Engineered wood flooring
Engineered floors can be installed which either floating on underlay, are secretly nailed to existing wood sub floors or fully glued to the concrete or timber sub floor. Engineered floors are very good if you need to reduce the noise level in a room and they work well with under floor heating systems. Engineered wood floors are available in a wide range of sizes from 14mm 3 strip floors to 20mm structural engineered wide planks. Strip Floors
There is wide choice of solid tongue and grooved strip flooring available which his available in European Oak, French Oak, American Black Walnut, Wenge, Distressed Oak, Reclaimed Pine and Merbau. Strip wood floors, like engineered wood flooring, can be secret nailed to timber sub floors or glued to concrete sub floors but unlike engineered wood floors, they are not recommended for use with under floor heating systems. Strip floors are very easy to maintain and can be sanded many times to refresh their look making them great value for money.
Mosaic Panels Mosaic Panels, also known as finger parquet, is an old style of flooring used a lot in the 1960’s and is available in European Oak, Mahogany, Teak and Merbau. If fitting mosaic panels to a wood or concrete base, an epoxy glue should be used but if the panels have a felt backing then a spirit based adhesive should be used. End grain wood block floors
End grain wood block flooring is available in a number of wood species including European Larch, European Oak, European Smoked Oak, Pine and Spruce. The wood is cut across the growth rings to produce a very different look to that achieved using the more usual strip flooring. It is extremely hard wearing and so is ideal for areas that experience a lot of foot traffic. wide plank wood flooring
Wood floor repairs
From time to time your wooden floor will need repairing, either to remove scratches or stains or even to correct a floor that was badly laid in the first place. Scratches can be sanded away using fine to medium sand paper but it is recommended that any stained floorboards be replaced because, depending how deeply the stain has entered the wood, you may have to sand quite hard to get the stain out and this could mean that section of flooring will not look the same as the rest.
If you are fortunate enough to inherit an original wood floor or are looking to restore a floor you covered years ago with carpet, you may need to carry out some repairs. This may involve replacing sections of the old wood floor with new wood. Should you need to do this, it is advisable to source wood that, as closely as possible, matches the original wood, in colour and type.
Choosing a Reclaimed Wood Floor
So you are trying to choose what kind of flooring to pick out? Maybe we can help you with a little primer on some personality differences of reclaimed wood flooring from the perspective of a manufacturer like ourselves who specializes in making wood flooring from reclaimed lumber.
Did you see a picture that you like and now you have the bug that you want that special floor? The good news is that it could probably be made for you, but before you go a long ways down the path of choosing which floor you want and requesting a display room full of samples, ask about some price ranges. There is a common misconception that since reclaimed wood is supposedly salvaged it should be cheaper than virgin wood floors. If you are buying a quality kiln dried and precision milled product, generally that is not the case. The only cost savings would be if you found some scraps or did some salvage work yourself, you might save some costs. For example you might find a gym floor or planks out of a barn hay loft that you want to nail down on your floor. The material might have been next to free, but how much time are you going to have in making it usable and pulling nails? Are the results what you want?
In this article we will be discussing several different categories of wood flooring. Solid wood flooring is one board with no glued up laminations; it is basically wood board that has been sized and profiled to a certain dimension. Engineered flooring has a on the top whatever species and texture you want, and this is glued to a plywood backer on the bottom. Engineered is still all wood but is made with multiple layers that are laminated for better stability and dimensional accuracy. Floors that we will not cover here are laminates or any composite products which are often not wood entirely through the plank or may be made with a photo printed surface. We also will not cover vinyl, carpet, stone, or tile.
Hardwood flooring is often a generic term that could apply to any type of wood flooring. Hardwood trees (oak, maple, cherry, walnut, elm, chestnut) are generally trees that had leaves which fall off in the winter. Softwood trees (pine, fir) have needles that may stay on all year and usually they produce cones. Hardwoods are usually more dense and more durable than softwoods. Of course, there are exceptions to these generalities. In our product line the hardwoods cost more than the softwoods. wide plank wood flooring
As a reoccurring theme in this article you will find that you often get what you pay for. Admittedly, the higher end price point products ($11+/sf) from more rare woods are not necessarily better quality but we find that up to that point quality improves with price. Our solid wood floors range in price from $4-9 per square foot and our engineered ranges from $7-15 per square foot. We will discuss applications below, but our point is that you need to have a realistic budget when shopping. Sometimes a nice alternative if you have your heart set on an expensive floor is to use less of it and put it just in key areas. Don’t do the whole house. Maybe just do the main high traffic areas and use a cheaper alternative in bedrooms..
If your price-point is not even in the same zip code, maybe it is in a different state, start shopping other options. For example if you are in the $1-2/sf range look at the deep discounters or laminate options. The FSC certified 12mm exterior birch plywood that we use to manufacturer the engineered flooring costs us that much alone, not counting all the other labor and materials.
Also when pricing a floor be sure to factor in the whole installed cost and the lifetime cost. Here are examples of some variables that could alter the total costs:
With reclaimed material waste factor is a huge variable. How much effort does the manufacturer take to give you a 100% usable product? Poorly milled with very little defecting and culling done on a solid wood floor that costs $6/sf and has a 15% waste factor actually costs more than a similar product that is milled better costing $7/sf with a 2% waste factor. That extra wastes costs more in shipping and labor to defect. This is one of the hardest things to demonstrate to a customer that the face value costs doesn’t necessarily represent the actual raw material cost unless one is truly comparing identical quality and specified products.